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启睿教育——张铭炜

启睿机器人科技活动中心——知之者不如好之者,好之者不如乐之者

 
 
 

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引用 FLL2010-2011 任务公布!  

2010-09-04 10:57:58|  分类: FLL |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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引用

晓舟FLL2010-2011 任务公布!
Biomedical engineering is the use of various engineering disciplines to help doctors and hospitals help patients.
The fields of chemical, mechanical, electrical, and other forms of engineering are mixed with traditional biological
and medical sciences to advance healthcare.


COMMON BONE REPAIR
The “cast”… This material softly conforms to you, then hardens like a rock. When it comes off, the process
doesn’t crush, cut, burn, or dissolve your body! What types of engineering do you think are involved?
MISSION - Set (align) the arm bone, then apply the blue cast. The cast needs to be all the way down,
and it needs to completely cover the break.
CAST APPLIED = 25 Points
将骨头复原后,把蓝色的固定架放入(必须能固定住骨头不松动才可以)
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟


SPECIAL BONE REPAIR
Some severe fractures, including some cases where bone is missing, can’t be fixed with a cast. But now, biomedical
engineers are developing a way to bridge voids of missing bone by introducing special bone growing cells to
the area on a material called “scaffolding.” These cells are able to grow new bone in ways our normal healing
processes can’t.
MISSION - Insert the bone bridge in the leg. Then test the repair by moving the leg so the foot kicks the
ball, hopefully scoring a goal.
BONE BRIDGE INSERTED = 15 Points
---There are two ways to get bone bridge points:
1 - The referee can inspect the insertion at the end of the match and see that the bone bridge is inserted
all the way down.
---OR---
2 - The referee automatically scores the bone bridge if a goal is scored.
GOAL SCORED = 25 Points
---Only the leg and bone bridge can move the foot (the robot must pivot the leg only).
---Only the foot can move/propel the ball.
---The bone bridge must not touch the mat.
---The ball must be touching the green area in the goal when the match ends.
 将腿部固定器放入腿部骨头内,然后用这个骨头踢球,将球踢入球门.机器人\策略物均不可以接触球,只能骨头接触.
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟
 
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟
 

FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟



RAPID BLOOD SCREENING
Since white blood cells are the army that helps a body fight infection, doctors are always interested in taking
them from blood samples. But only about 1 in 700 blood cells is a white, and faster and faster methods are
always needed for screening out the whites.
MISSION - Get the syringe to Base. Then separate the white blood cells from the red ones (this part
can be done by hand). Finally, get ONLY the whites blood cells into the patient’s area (anywhere in
the non-orange region at the east of the mat). The syringe and any blood cells in it may be handled/
separated by hand as soon as any part of the syringe reaches Base.
SYRINGE IN BASE = 25 Points
ALL THREE WHITE BLOOD CELLS IN PATIENT’S AREA = 15 Points
将针管推下,滑入基地后,用手挑出其中3个白色的药品颗粒,放入蓝色的心脏区域
 
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟
TOUCH PENALTY OBJECTS - Red blood cells are this game’s “touch penalty objects” as described in the
Rules. They’re each worth automatic/free points anywhere on the field. But touching the active robot
outside Base causes the referee to take one red blood cell from the field, each time, until they’re gone.
RED BLOOD CELLS NOT TAKEN BY THE REFEREE = 5 Points each



 BAD CELL DESTRUCTION
Deadly disease can result from cells themselves turning bad yet continuing to reproduce. Unfortunately, most of
the methods for eliminating those bad cells don’t work very well, and they hurt lots of other cells in your body,
causing new severe problems. The solution to this problem will be a historic breakthrough and it will likely require
a biomedical engineering approach.
MISSION – Some bad cells (black panels) are set randomly to face South, and the rest to face North. This
randomization happens whenever the robot is outside Base, unless the robot is currently interacting with
the cells, or has already gotten them into scoring position…
---Show bad-cell identification by clicking cells such that some blacks face up, and the rest face North.
IDENTIFICATION = 20 Points
---OR---
---Show bad-cell destruction by clicking cells such that 5 blacks face North.
DESTRUCTION = 25 Points
Positions must be fully clicked in either case.
这个任务在比赛前随机打乱.
将白色的面朝北,黑色面朝天,得到20分.白色面全部超北,25分.
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟



MECHANICAL ARM PATENT
Your hand can reach into your pocket, pull out a set of keys, identify the right one, put it into the lock, and
unlock a door, all in the dark. No other mechanism in the world can do that. But for people who have lost limbs,
biomedical engineers are developing better and better artificial ones all the time. Who will be the first to think of
the next new idea?
MISSION - Get the mechanical hand to hold the patent. If two hands are holding the patent, both teams
get full points.
PATENT IS GRABBED BY YOUR SIDE’S HAND = 25 Points
勾起机械装置的手臂,勾到的队伍得分

CARDIAC PATCH
Having a hole in your heart is considered a rare condition by some, but if you’re one of the few hundred
thousand people with this condition, you’re glad that biomedical engineers are hard at work developing modern
solutions for it. One solution is to place special cardiac cells onto a mesh to form new heart tissue which can seal
the hole. Presently this patch doesn’t grow as a child’s heart grows, so repeat operations are needed… There’s a
challenge for tomorrow’s biomedical engineer!
MISSION - Get the cardiac patch into the heart.
PATCH APPLIED = 20 Points
 在心脏里面即可
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟


READ OTHER IMPORTANT PAGES TOO
You are currently reading the “Missions” document, which is only about half of what you need to know in order
to do your best at a tournament. There are three other documents your team needs to become experts on:
The Field Setup, the Rules, and the posted/updated Rulings. Invest a meeting to go over them, even if you’re a
veteran team. Ask about anything that’s not clear.
MISSION: Read all four robot game docs, and go over them often. They’ll mean more to you each time.
DOCUMENT EXPERTS ON YOUR TEAM = CRITICAL
任务:请不要光看任务说明,还要把规则\场地安装\课题 的doc文本也看了.这个任务很重要!


PACE MAKER
One of the earliest examples of modern biomedical engineering - Can you list all the different engineering and
medical disciplines required in the manufacture and installation of a pace maker?
MISSION - Install the pace maker in the heart so that the free end of the black tube is in the heart, but
the gray body of the pace maker is not.
PACE MAKER TUBE END IN HEART, BODY OUT = 25 Points
 只有管子可以进入心脏,灰色部分不可以
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟


NERVE MAPPING
When you see a person using an electromechanical prosthetic hand, have you ever wondered how the person’s
brain tells that device what to do? At some point, nerves from the brain have to signal the new hand’s wires,
but how does the surgeon know what nerves and what wires to connect? When you think “move small finger
outward,” exactly what area of what nerve gets that signal?
MISSION - Move the brain’s West input nerve to see which nerve shows an East output signal. The red
of one of the output nerves needs to be obviously moved outward from the brain, but it doesn’t matter
how far.
NERVE INPUT / OUTPUT REVEALED = 15 Points
和门那个机关在一起的.推一下就好= =左边红杆子推进去,右边出来(感谢Crysis♀影翼(406496774) 提醒)

OBJECT CONTROL THROUGH THOUGHT
We know that nerve mapping and physical therapy (practice) can enable a person’s brain to activate a prosthetic
hand, so would it be possible for a person’s brain to activate a remote control, which could operate other devices
around the living space a person with a disability?
MISSION – Open the door at least half way by only moving the brain’s South input nerve.
DOOR OPEN AT LEAST HALF WAY = 20 Points
门打开(有个机关)

MEDICINE AUTO-DISPENSING
If you’re unorganized, forgetful, or have no one helping you, you probably forget to take your vitamins sometimes,
and that’s okay. But what if you had many different medicines to take, all at different times, in different
doses? And what if missing them or taking the wrong amount could cause serious problems? For many people,
this means they can’t live on their own any more, and have to go live where nurses can take care of them. Can
you think of a device that would solve this problem?
MISSION – Dispense all of the blue and white, but no pink medicine from the dispenser. Also, get the
container with blue and white medicine (at least one of each) into the patient’s area.
BLUE AND WHITES OFF, PINKS ON = 25 Points
BLUE AND WHITE IN CONTAINER IN PATIENT’S AREA = 5 Points
 粉色的必须留在上面,蓝色的和白色的不在上面得25分.如果装有蓝色和白色的盒子在蓝色心脏区域+5分
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟


ROBOTIC SENSITIVITY
It takes a lot of sophistication and therapy for an artificial hand and its user to find the correct angles for the many
pivots and extensions of movement, but what about the forces? It takes a lot less force to grip a sandwich than a
rock… What about handling eggs – or kittens? How is the correct force found?
MISSION - Get the weight to the up position by pushing the blue panel only.
WEIGHT ALL THE WAY UP = 25 Points
竖起一个东西

PROFESSIONAL TEAMWORK
Biomedical engineering applications need to be exactly right, sometimes for a wide variety of patients, and sometimes
for a particular patient. In either case, it’s extremely important for biomedical engineers to maintain very
good communication with doctors as well as patients as solutions are developed.
MISSION - Move both the doctor and the biomedical engineer to meet with the patient, anywhere in the
patient’s area.
PEOPLE ALL TOGETHER IN THE PATIENT’S AREA = 25 Points
 3个小人必须全部在蓝色心脏区域
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟
PS:第二行中间那副图的摆法如果放在得分区还是可以得分的吧...只是这个照片是放在台边上
 

 

BIONIC EYES
Visual prosthetics in their current stage of development allow perception of light and patterns, holding promise to
increase a blind person’s mobility and independence. How far will they go to help people in the future?
MISSION - Move at least one bionic eye so it’s touching the upper body (solid or outline) of the person at the
center of the field.
AT LEAST ONE EYE TOUCHING UPPER BODY = 20 Points
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟
 任何一只眼睛接触人体即可(下面前两个图是因为正好没接触人体)


STENT
There are several reasons why a vessel carrying fluid through your body can become constricted, and none of
them are good! Luckily biomedical engineers invented stents. A stent is a small section of tube that can be inserted
into a constricted vessel to widen and reinforce it. This simple, brilliant idea has saved many, many lives.
MISSION - Widen the constricted artery by inserting the stent. Opposing artery walls must be obviously parallel
to each other.
STENT INSTALLED / ARTERY EXPANDED = 25 Points
将不知道什么东西塞进血管模型里,在白色橡皮筋那部分即可
FLL2010-2011 任务公布! - 晓舟 - 舟
 

以上只是大致翻译,具体说明请等待semia的公布
 
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